Political economies and decision-making processes in Latin America

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Fabio Fossati

Resumen

In this article, political economies have been linked to the decision-making processes of Latin American countries, before and after 1989. Conservative and liberal reforms have usually been applied through neo-oligarchic decision-making processes. Social-democrat economic policies have often been implemented with neo-corporatism. When “soft” populism prevailed, partitocrazia was the typical political instrument of lef­tist governments, either if they governed or if they were at the opposition. Thus, they usual­ly vetoed rightist presidents’ market reforms. The political consequence of “hard” populism has been authoritarianism, like in Venezuela with Chavez and Maduro. In “hybrid” economic policies, combining different models of political economies, there is not a stable decision-making process, and political conflict is usually strongeru, Chile and Argentina.


 

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Fossati, F. (2021). Political economies and decision-making processes in Latin America. REVISTA EUROLATINOAMERICANA DE ANÁLISIS SOCIAL Y POLÍTICO, 2(3), 117-145. Recuperado a partir de http://www.ojs.unsj.edu.ar/index.php/relasp/article/view/684
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